Question: What is the difference between graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity and bootcamps in cybersecurity?
Answer: Graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity are academic programs offered through institutions of higher education that typically offer master’s degrees in cybersecurity, while bootcamps are professionally focused training programs that are generally offered through private companies (although some colleges and universities also offer intensive bootcamps). Graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity are comprised of courses that often overlap with master’s degrees in cybersecurity or a related field, and therefore the course credits students receive from a graduate certificate program are typically transferable to a master’s degree. Bootcamps do not generally confer academic credits. Since graduate certificate students often take courses with master’s students, these programs tend to be longer and follow traditional university academic calendars, while bootcamps tend to be shorter in duration and may be offered more frequently.
When considering how to enter or advance in the field of cybersecurity and information security, students and professionals have numerous options. Two of the most prominent options are graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity, and cybersecurity bootcamps. Both bootcamps and graduate certificate programs are efficient ways for students to gain immediately implementable skills to advance in their careers. However, due to the differences between cybersecurity bootcamps and graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity, students should carefully consider which type of program best serves their interests and professional goals.
Graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity are formal academic programs offered by accredited colleges and universities. Typically consisting of 12-18 graduate credits, these programs can often be completed in approximately 12 months of full-time study, although many of these programs have part-time study options that allow students to extend their program in order to fit their schedules. A major benefit of graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity is the fact that the credits students earn can generally be applied to a future graduate degree (such as a master’s in cybersecurity). In fact, as mentioned above, students pursuing a graduate certificate usually take courses with master’s students, and therefore receive the benefit of instruction from university professors and lecturers.
Bootcamps in cybersecurity, like graduate certificate programs, are geared towards efficient and intensive professional development. However, bootcamps are distinct in several key ways. Firstly, they tend to vary much more widely in terms of their curriculum structure, relative to graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity. This is due to the fact that many cybersecurity bootcamps are typically offered through private companies, and even bootcamps that are offered at institutions of higher education do not typically confer academic credits or follow the traditional semester or quarter system academic calendar. As a result, while some cybersecurity bootcamps offer a sequence of courses that students take, others may not have formal courses and instead have intensive modules, project-based trainings, group exercises, and labs.
Cybersecurity bootcamps also tend to require students to complete their coursework and/or training in a much more concentrated period of time, relative to graduate certificate programs. Many bootcamps span just a few weeks to a couple months in duration, requiring students to devote full-time hours to attending courses and completing projects. This means that students who attend a bootcamp full-time may have difficulty working while enrolled in a program. Even bootcamps that can be completed on a part-time basis require a significant number of hours each week.
Therefore, bootcamps can be helpful for students who want to immerse themselves in professional training that enables them to quickly pivot to or advance in the field of cybersecurity. However, as noted above, the courses that students complete as part of their bootcamp experience are generally not transferable to a future graduate degree.
The following sections provide more information on graduate certificate programs and bootcamps in the field of cybersecurity.
Graduate Certificate Programs in Cybersecurity
Graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity are offered by accredited institutions of higher education, often through their departments of computer science and/or engineering. In general, departments which offer graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity also offer master’s degrees in cybersecurity. In fact, the courses that comprise graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity are often elective and/or concentration courses for the school’s corresponding master’s degree program. Due to this overlap in coursework, students who complete a graduate certificate program and later decide they would like to pursue a master’s degree in cybersecurity are typically allowed to transfer some, if not all, of the graduate credits they have earned towards a master’s program.
Advantages of earning a graduate certificate in cybersecurity include: the opportunity to complete master’s-level coursework and receive faculty guidance without having to commit to a full master’s degree program (which can be appealing to professionals who have been out of school for a while and are unsure if they will be able to return to school) and earn an academic credential from a respected institution of higher education that can increase individuals’ competitiveness in the job market. In addition, many cybersecurity programs either hire industry experts as adjunct professors or seek the guidance of industry experts as part of their advisory boards in order to ensure their curriculum is up-to-date with the latest security standards and threats.
Graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity vary in curriculum structure depending on the school and department offering the program. For example, while some graduate certificate programs have a set curriculum of 4-6 courses that students take in a sequence, other programs may have one or two core courses followed by electives that students can choose from according to their interests. Below are sample curricula for both types of graduate certificate programs. Please note that these sample curricula are for informational purposes only, and are not representative of all graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity.
Sample Curricula for Graduate Certificates in Cybersecurity
|Program with Set Curriculum (18 course credits)||Program with Flexible Curriculum (18 course credits)|
|Introduction to Cryptography||Required Course: Introduction to Web Security|
|Cybersecurity Foundations||Required Course: Foundations of Cybersecurity and Information Systems Security|
|Cyber Attack Detection and Prevention||Elective: Cybersecurity Governance|
|Leadership in Cyber and Network Security||Elective: Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain|
|Emerging Cybersecurity Technologies, Threats, and Defense Methodologies||Elective: Cybersecurity, Information Technology, and National Security|
|Enterprise Cybersecurity||Elective: Digital Forensics, Intrusion Detection, and Cybercrime Prevention|
To enhance scheduling flexibility, many graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity offer their courses online so that students can complete course requirements from anywhere as long as they have an internet connection. Depending on the program, courses might entail exclusively asynchronous instruction, or a mix of asynchronous and synchronous instruction (i.e., courses that include live online video sessions).
In general, admission requirements for graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity are less rigorous than those for master’s degrees in the same field; however, students are generally still expected to submit formal application materials, including a personal statement, transcripts of past academic work, and a resume or CV. Some, but not all, graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity may have minimum GPA requirements (such as a minimum overall GPA of 3.0 for undergraduate coursework) and/or ask students to submit letters of recommendation.
Graduate certificate programs, by definition, require that applicants hold at least a bachelor’s degree, and post-master’s graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity require candidates to hold a master’s degree to qualify for admission. Another consideration for students interested in these programs is the fact that graduate certificate programs tend to follow an academic calendar, and therefore may only admit students during certain times of the year. Students should check with the admissions offices of the schools that interest them to learn more about admissions requirements and deadlines.
Bootcamps in Cybersecurity
Bootcamps in cybersecurity are, in general, highly intensive and professionally focused programs that require students to commit to several weeks of full-time study. For example, while a graduate certificate program in cybersecurity may allow students to spread their coursework out across several academic terms, bootcamps in general require students to complete coursework or training modules daily, attend lectures for programs that are offered in-person, or engage in synchronous/live online instructional sessions and group discussions. The benefit of this intensive structure is that students can very quickly learn key skills and methodologies that will help them advance their careers, and the immersive nature of bootcamps can be helpful for individuals who want to quickly transition into a new career or a more advanced role.
It is important to note that there are two basic types of cybersecurity bootcamps, or programs that are often referred to as bootcamps or boot camps, that are designed for different student populations and that have very different training goals.
- Comprehensive Cybersecurity Bootcamps – These bootcamps are designed for general professional skill development in cybersecurity, and include a range of courses meant to train students in advanced information security concepts, technologies, and methodologies, such as defensive and offensive security tactics (which are often categorized as blue team and red team tactics), network security systems, cloud-based security, and more. These programs tend to be ideal for individuals with minimal to moderate experience in technology and cybersecurity, and who either want to pivot into the field or else gain a suite of marketable skills in the industry.
- Industry Certification Specific Cybersecurity Bootcamps – These bootcamps are typically short, intensive training programs designed for experienced professionals in cybersecurity (some of them even require several years of experience in the field) who want to prepare for a specific industry certification exam. These programs usually involve a combination of instruction and exam preparation including practice tests.
Comprehensive Cybersecurity Bootcamps
Comprehensive cybersecurity bootcamps are designed for individuals who either want to pivot into the field of cybersecurity and have no experience in the field, or who have some experience in cybersecurity or information technology and wish to expand their skills set in order to advanced their careers. Comprehensive cybersecurity bootcamp programs tend to have curricula or training modules that do a “deep dive” into the field, covering foundational and advanced concepts in computing and networking, cryptography, information encoding, system security administration, and “red team” (offensive) vs. “blue team” (defensive) cybersecurity tactics.
These programs are typically offered by private companies or by universities that have schools or divisions of continuing education. Therefore, bootcamps are not typically tied to traditional academic calendars like graduate certificate programs. This means students interested in attending a cybersecurity bootcamp may not have to wait long to start a program.
For example, UCLA Extension, which offers continuing education courses, certificates, and bootcamps, offers a part-time, 24-week Cybersecurity Bootcamp with online Learning Modules that students complete in conjunction with practical exercises and projects to reinforce concepts. The program is offered online and students attend classes in the evening three days per week. The program has four start dates per year.
Fullstack Academy, a private company that offers bootcamps in coding, data analytics, and cybersecurity, has a 13-week full-time Cybersecurity Bootcamp that includes Monday through Friday instruction, with lectures and workshops in both the morning and evenings (9:30 am to 6:00 pm). For students who would like to continue working while completing a bootcamp, FullStack Academy offers their cybersecurity bootcamp in a part-time format that takes 26-weeks and includes evening instruction on Tuesdays and Thursdays, along with Saturday workshops. Fullstack Academy has numerous start dates throughout the year.
Below are two sample curricula for cybersecurity bootcamps—one comprised of intensive courses, and the other comprised of learning modules and trainings. Prospective students should note that bootcamps in cybersecurity vary substantially in terms of their curriculum structure and course content, and that the sample curriculum below is intended for informational purposes only.
Sample Curricula for Comprehensive Cybersecurity Bootcamps
|Course-Based Cybersecurity Bootcamp||Learning Module-Based Cybersecurity Bootcamp|
|Foundations of Network and Information Security||Learning Module 1 with Virtual Lab: Information Security Fundamentals|
|Systems Administration||Learning Module 2 with Virtual Lab: Networks and Network Security|
|Intrusion Detection and Defensive Data Security||Learning Module 3 with Group Project: Defensive Security Tactics and Digital Forensics (i.e., Blue Team)*|
|Offensive Security Methodologies||Learning Module 4 with Group Project: Certified Ethical Hacking and Offensive Security (i.e., Red Team)*|
|Final Project: Advanced Cybersecurity Applications||Learning Module 5: Comprehensive Examination and Final Project|
|*Cybersecurity bootcamps vary in how they teach students offensive and defensive cybersecurity strategies. Some will divide students into a Red Team and a Blue Team and have them work on an information security system challenge, while other programs may have all students engage in Red Team and Blue Team projects together.|
Similarly to graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity, bootcamps in cybersecurity have recently leveraged the advantages of online learning technologies in order to make their programs more accessible to students who do not live near a college or university. However, as bootcamp programs are inherently intensive, online students should still expect to devote several hours per day to courses and project requirements even if they are not commuting to a campus for in-person instruction.
In contrast to graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity, cybersecurity bootcamps tend to have less rigorous admissions requirements and the majority do not require a college degree for admission. For example, Fullstack Academy, only requires students to take a logic test and complete a behavioral interview in order to qualify for admission. Berkeley Extension, the continuing education branch of the University of California, Berkeley, requires students to complete an application form, connect with an admissions official to discuss their goals, and take an academic assessment. In contrast, in addition to requiring a bachelor’s degree, graduate certificate program in cybersecurity may require letters of recommendation, a formal personal statement, resume of CV, and transcripts from all colleges and universities where students have completed courses.
When considering cybersecurity bootcamp options, students should account for their personal and professional obligations and research the time commitment required before enrolling.
Industry Certification Specific Cybersecurity Bootcamps/Boot Camps
In addition to bootcamps designed to prepare students to enter and/or advance in the field of cybersecurity through comprehensive training and skill development, there are more targeted bootcamps designed to help students prepare for industry certifications. While these programs are denoted “bootcamps” or “boot camps” by some of these industry certification organizations, they are different from the comprehensive bootcamps outlined in the section above. Examples of cybersecurity certifications that are common in the industry include but are not limited to:
- Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) through ISACA
- Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) through ISACA
- Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) through (ISC)²
- Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) through EC-Council
- CompTIA Security+ through CompTIA
To earn these and other cybersecurity certifications, candidates must typically take and pass an examination. Industry certification bootcamps are training programs specifically designed to prepare professionals for these examinations and are, therefore, typically much shorter in duration (often three, four, five or ten days) compared to comprehensive cybersecurity bootcamps. For example, EC-Council offers 5-day online training programs for individuals interested in preparing for the CEH certification that include access to virtual trainings and labs.
Below is a chart detailing the components of a sample cybersecurity certification preparation bootcamp. Please note that this chart is meant for informational purposes only, and does not represent the full diversity of training programs available for cybersecurity industry certifications.
Example of a 5-Day Online Bootcamp for CompTIA Security+ Certification
|Day||Synchronous Course Content|
Historically, these programs have been offered in-person and at numerous locations throughout major cities across the United States. However, with advances in online education and the Covid-19 pandemic, many of these programs are now available fully online. For students who are interested in attending an in-person program, since many of the organizations offering these programs are not associated with a school or college, it is not uncommon for organizations to use hotels where students can stay while completing the program. Finally, these programs often have multiple start dates per month so that students can start a program almost immediately if they need to prepare for a certification examination.
Graduate Certificate Programs in Cybersecurity vs. Cybersecurity Bootcamp Programs
There are several differences between graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity and bootcamps in cybersecurity that are important to understand before enrolling in a program. Graduate certificate programs are ideal for working professionals who want to engage in professional development and advance their career, while earning an academic credential they can put on their resume. These programs are ideal for professionals already working in the field of cybersecurity, professionals working in information technology who would like to transition into cybersecurity, and even individuals who are interested in changing careers but who need to continue working while taking courses. Because graduate certificate programs are typically designed for working professionals, they can be completed while continuing to work full-time.
Conversely, comprehensive cybersecurity bootcamps are highly beneficial to students who want to and can attend an immersive program designed to prepare them for careers in the field of cybersecurity. This includes students who already have experience in information technology and students looking to change careers and enter the field. Through a full-time intensive bootcamp, students can gain the skills and knowledge they need to apply for cybersecurity jobs in 13 to 26 weeks (basically three to six months). For students who need to work at least part-time while they train for a career in cybersecurity, there are part-time bootcamps which may make this possible, but even part-time bootcamps are intensive and students must dedicate numerous hours per week to their program.
Industry certification specific cybersecurity bootcamps are short, intensive training programs designed to prepare professionals to pass certification examinations, and therefore, are distinct and very different compared to both graduate certificate programs and comprehensive bootcamps in cybersecurity.
One key consideration that prospective students should also take into account when deciding between a graduate certificate program in cybersecurity versus a bootcamp in cybersecurity is the transferability of completed coursework to a future degree. For students who think they may wish to pursue a master’s degree in cybersecurity in the future, bootcamps do not confer academic credits, whereas the credits earned in a graduate certificate program can often be transferred to a master’s degree program. Some schools may even have fewer admissions requirements for students who have completed their graduate certificate program as opposed to students who are applying directly to their master’s program in cybersecurity.
Another key difference between cybersecurity bootcamps and graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity are the admissions requirements: while graduate certificate programs require a bachelor’s degree for admission and often require applicants to submit a personal statement, transcripts of past academic work, a resume, and potentially letters of recommendation, cybersecurity bootcamps’ admission requirements are generally limited to completing an application form, conducting an interview with an admissions official, and passing a logic test.
For students wondering how graduate certificate programs and bootcamps compare in terms of the costs of these programs, they are actually comparable, although specific tuition rates vary by organization/school. To illustrate the tuition rates for cybersecurity bootcamps vs. graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity, we reviewed the tuition rates of five bootcamp programs and five graduate certificate programs in this space. The average cost of the five cybersecurity bootcamps we reviewed was approximately $13,500.
The cost of most graduate certificate programs is determined by the cost per graduate credit hour a university charges multiplied by the number of credits it takes to earn the certificate. The average cost of the five graduate certificate programs we reviewed was approximately $12,100. It is important to note that colleges and universities can have additional fees that are not included as part of their cost per credit hour tuition rates, some universities still charge different tuition rates for in-state and out-of-state students, and universities often adjust their tuition rates each year. Therefore, students should note that these average costs are approximations and are not representative of the full range of tuition costs for bootcamps and graduate certificate programs.
Note: Students of cybersecurity bootcamps are generally not eligible for financial aid, as they are not formal academic degree programs. Similarly, most graduate certificate programs do not qualify students for financial aid as well as they do not culminate in a degree. However, schools may petition to allow students who enroll in their graduate certificate programs to be eligible for financial aid, but they must do this on a program-by-program basis. Therefore, students should inquire with each school they are considering to determine if their graduate certificate program in cybersecurity qualifies for financial aid.
Ultimately, the choice between a graduate certificate in cybersecurity versus a bootcamp in cybersecurity comes down to the individual interests and professional goals of the prospective student, as both types of programs are excellent options for people who want to advance in the field of cybersecurity. Below is a comparative chart that outlines the key differences between graduate certificates in cybersecurity and bootcamp programs in cybersecurity.
|Time to Completion||12-18 months of full-time study, or 24+ months of part-time study||12 to 24 weeks of full-time study, or 24+ weeks of part-time study||3-10 days of intensive full-time study|
|Credits||12-18 graduate credit hours||N/A||N/A|
|Tuition*||~$12,100 + fees||~$13,500||Contact organizations for specific pricing|
*To provide an idea of the tuition rates for cybersecurity bootcamps vs. graduate certificate programs in cybersecurity, we reviewed the tuition rates of five bootcamp programs and five graduate certificate programs in this space and took their average cost.
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